The components namely projects, programs, products, portfolios, and operations are part of________. Fill in the blanks.

Which of the following statements does NOT define a 'Project'?

Rachel is a project manager leading a data cabling upgrade project for a telecom company. She is developing the project charter and she needs to get approval from the Communications Manager, Finance Controller, and Cyber Security Manager. All 3 of them are key stakeholders in the project. However, each one of them has a different vision regarding the project vision & its end goal. How should Rachel go about getting the approval for all 3 of them for the project charter?

Which name refers to individuals, groups, or organizations that may affect or be affected by the outcomes of a project?

Sensitivity analysis helps to determine which individual project risks or other sources of uncertainty have the most potential impact on project outcomes. What would you call the following diagram often used as a typical display for sensitivity analysis?

You (as a project manager) are trying to understand and categorize the types of risk that may occur in your project as a part of planning your risk management strategy. How would you best classify this risk: "a key seller going out of business during the project"?

As the scrum master of an agile team, you see that most of your team members are demotivated. It is requiring a lot of follow-ups and push from your side to get things done. You decide to provide a 10% pay-rise for each team member thinking that this will provide them good motivation to work more proactively in the project. Which of the following motivation models you are using here?

Select the primary types of procurement contracts used in Project Management: (choose 3 options)

During which phase of a waterfall type project management 'changes' are managed?

Tony is a project manager for an R&D project that involves team members of different ethnicity. He is very keen on creating a closely-knit team. The first thing he should do as a part of the team-building activity within the members is to have a:

Match the characteristics of a Functional (A), Project-oriented (B), and Matrix (C) organization with their correct characteristics as depicted below (1, 2, 3):

1. This type of organization is bureaucratic and hierarchial with limited information sharing across departments. Employees generally report to the functional manager and prefer to work in silos

2. There is healthy information sharing across departments in this type of organization. Employees typically report to the functional manager (for daily administrative works) as well as the project manager (as a project resource with partial or full utilization)

3. Employees work on projects for the majority of their time and report to the project manager directly. When one project gets complete, they are reassigned to another project.


You are managing an agile-driven project as the scrum master. You have various development teams working across the globe in different time zones. What tailoring recommendations can you adopt for an effective delivery (select ANY THREE)

Which of the following statements are true when it comes to conflict management while leading projects? (Select TWO options which are correct)

The Scrum Master is the team role responsible for ensuring the team lives agile values and principles. What is the primary way that a Scrum Master contributes towards maximizing productivity in the development team?

Jake is a project manager for a software application development project which is getting executed in an agile environment. Over the last few weeks, his team members have approached Jake a number of times, voicing concerns regarding the amount of documentation that they need to perform as a part of the project. This has been a client requirement since the beginning, but it is consuming a lot of productive time of your team members. What is the best course of action for you as a servant leader here?

A project manager receives a change request from a stakeholder. He documents the change via a formal request and starts assessing the impact of the change with his core team. He finds out that the change is fairly easy to implement and will not have any effect on the project cost or schedule. What is the next step for the project manager?

Which one of the following is NOT a 'principle' of project management?

You are a project manager for an application development project for Medway Maritime Hospital that will help the management to improve 'patient flow' across departments. 'Patient flow' is a metric that is tracked in the performance improvement board of the hospital and is a measure of how efficiently the hospital systems are working to address patient issues. The management is not very clear on how the application will function, just that its end goal should be to track & improve 'patient flow'. They are also not very clear how the first draft of the application will look like, who will be the end-users, how the application will suggest improvements etc. The management is also in no hurry to close the project early. The focus here is more on customer value creation, problem-solving & user acceptance. Which project management methodology is best prescribed for this scenario?

You are a PM for an IT company and you have recently completed an application development for a client. But the client is still calling you/your team members to solve technical issues, troubleshooting and requests are still coming for small changes/upgrades. According to your 'schedule management plan' the client handover was an important task/significant event for your project which should have been completed on time. Which project artifact should have the baseline date of this event that will allow you to check how off-track you are w.r.t. your initial planned date?

_________ would include anything the organization has acquired that you can use in the management of the project. They include formal and informal plans, policies, procedures, and guidelines. These are very important for the planning stage, irrespective of the nature of the project. Fill in the blanks.

Which project function includes consulting with various stakeholders on ideas for improving project performance or meeting customer needs?

Brian is a project manager and he is in the process of estimating team resources that will be required for his project. Due to the nature of the project and selected development approach, Brian is having the challenge that only a few top-level WBS-es have been identified with the remaining to be progressively elaborated throughout the project. What is the best approach for the estimation of team resources for the project?

Mark is a project manager for a building construction project and he is currently in the plan risk response process. He has identified a risk, which is to construct a telecom transmission tower on the roof of the building. The design report of the roof mentions that the roof will not be able to take the load of the tower. The design is already frozen and cannot be changed now. Mark wants to have a discussion with the client and cut this particular scope from the project since this can become a safety issue later. An alternative could be to take up this scope for the next building construction, but this building should not have the tower in the scope. What risk response strategy Mark is using here?

________ provides the project manager and team with structure, processes, decision-making models, and tools for managing the project. Fill in the blanks.

A Way-of Working (WoW) enables a team to customize a project, workflow or process. Effective teams can choose practices, strategies and life cycles that will create the overall maximum value for the customer. Who should choose the life cycle tailored to the project needs?

Conflict management is the process of managing and assuaging the negative components of a conflict while increasing the positive aspects. Arrange the following steps of conflict management in the correct order for the most effective resolution: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & arrange the following 5 options in the correct order.

(1) Analyze the context

(2) Determine the root cause

(3) Investigate the conflict

(4) Decipher the source & stage of conflict

(5) Implement and track solutions

Any event or issue that can cause a risk to your project is called a project hurdle. Types of project hurdle vary based on industry, stakeholder, business environment, and the project itself. Arrange the definition of the following project hurdles with their names. 

Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the definitions to match the names

Hurdle Names:

(1) Impediment

(2) Blockers

(3) Obstacles


(A) Event or conditions that cause stoppages in the work or any further advancement

(B) Barriers that are movable, avoidable or could be overcome with some level of strategy and planning

(C) Situations, conditions, and actions that slow down or hinder progress but can be sorted out with some level of planning & execution


You are the Scrum Master for an agile-managed project. During a sprint review meeting, you find out that there has been a major error in the coding process for a feature that has created a bug in the system. You reach out to the development team to find the root cause & plan resolution. What should be your best approach as a servant leader here?

Arrange the personality traits (A B, C, D) of your project team members with their MBTI personality indicator classifications (1, 2, 3, 4) in the table below.

(Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be asked to perform this matching using the drag & drop feature on the exam interface)

A project manager is preparing a charter for a project to automate a pick-and-place operation in an assembly line with COBOTs. The sponsor has told the PM that the charter should be aligned with the operations dept. manager who is responsible for the production of that line. The PM approaches the ops manager but he is totally non-cooperative since he believes that this automation will cause layoffs in his department. What should the PM do first?

You are the project manager for rolling out a new employee health benefits portal for Fixmore Inc. One of your team members has escalated to you that the new health benefits application is not compatible with Fixmore Inc.’s existing server architecture. It will require an upgrade to run smoothly. After checking your project scope, you find out that server upgrades are not in the budget this year but can be added next year as an additional scope item. Arrange your actions to resolve this situation from ‘most preferred’ to ‘least preferred’.

Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options (1,2,3,4) in order of priority (most preferred to least preferred)

(1) You wait till next year to get the additional funds and plan to launch the application as it is for now

(2) You go straight to your sponsor and ask her to tell the finance department to fund additional money to enable this server upgrade.

(3) You go to finance and speak to their director and ensure that the team understands the necessity for the upgrade and approve an additional budget allocation

(4) Raise a change request for server upgrade and setup a meeting with your sponsor and finance director to explain them the situation and come up with possible solutions


The leadership style whereby each team member in a Project Management Office (PMO) contributes towards defining and measuring the objectives of the PMO is called?

Conflict management is the process of managing and assuaging the negative components of a conflict while increasing the positive aspects. Arrange the approaches for conflict resolution with the correct definitions. In your PMP Exam, you would be required to drag and arrange the ‘approaches’ with their ‘definitions’


(1) Withdraw/Avoid

(2) Compromise/Reconcile

(3) Force/Direct

(4) Collaborate/Problem Solving

(5) Smooth/Accommodate


(A) Pursuing your viewpoint at the expense of others. Offering only win-lose solutions typically enforced via positional power

(B) Retreating from an actual or potential conflict resolution. Postponing the issue to be handled by others at a later date

(C) Emphasizing areas of agreement rather than differences. Conceding your position to the need of others to maintain harmony in relationships.

(D) Incorporating multiple viewpoints from different perspectives. Enabling cooperative attitude and open dialogue to reach consensus and commitment

(E) Searching for solutions that bring some degree of satisfaction to all parties. But each of the parties let go of something

Most projects encounter challenges or obstacles at some stage.

The combined attributes of ___A___ and ____B____ in the project team’s approach to a project help the project accommodate impacts and thrive. ___A___ refers to the ability to respond to changing conditions. ___B___ consists of two complementary traits: the ability to absorb impacts and the ability to recover quickly from a setback or failure. Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate terms.

You are the project manager for an IT governance project and you are in the execution phase. Today, a request has come to you from one of your outsourcing vendors that they would like to revise their contract terms. You engaged with your Purchasing Department for the same and both of you now would like to discuss the new terms with the vendor. Which is the most preferred mode of communication here?

The type and number of project phases in a project life cycle depend upon many variables, primarily among them the delivery cadence and the development approach. In the following diagram (which signifies the stages of a predictive life cycle) identify the phase where:  project deliverables are put into use and transitional activities required for sustainment, benefits realization, and organizational change management are completed. In a ‘hotspot’ type question in your PMP Exam, you will be expected to click on the textbox in the diagram below which has the correct answer.

You are a project manager for a shampoo packing line installation. During the design stage, you have accounted for a 2% loss in final production due to spillage/spoilage/damage of the product. Where should you document this particular assumption?

Regarding the importance of PMBOK 6th edition and PMBOK 7th edition for your PMP Exam in 2022/23., select the statement that is TRUE:

Which of the following is the most likely way through which a project creates VALUE to the stakeholders?

Your project to develop an AI software to predict customer ordering behaviors on the McDonalds’ i-OS application needs a platform to collaborate with remote agile team members spread across different time zones. Spontaneous verbal and written communication between the team members must be supported. All the remote team workstations, Kanban Boards, and Burn Charts need to be visible at all times. Which virtual team collaboration application would be your most likely choice?

In a project, there has been a lot of misses on the quality deliverables. The sponsor has provided clear direction that quality is the key area of focus for this project from now on. A week later, a major outage on quality has come up again. What is the best course of action for the project manager?

A project manager is studying the types of leadership as a part of his project onboarding. What is the type of Leadership called that demonstrates a commitment to serve and put other people first; focuses on other people's growth, learning, development, autonomy, and well-being; concentrates on relationships, community, and collaboration?

During a backlog assessment, you notice an item that you saw on the updated risk register: ‘arrange PHP refresher course for development team’. When you review the risk log, you see that this issue was highlighted months ago and is also mentioned ‘closed’ three months earlier. What should you do as the project manager?

Which of the following options captures the 5 stages of Project Management process groups in their correct order?

Mustafa joins as an Agile Coach in a team that is developing an application for investment banking firms. He observes that there are different scrum teams working on developing different features of the application. However, the teams are struggling to arrive at a common alignment for ‘definition of done (DoD). What should Mustafa do as the Agile Coach?

Iterative life cycles improve the product or result through successive prototypes or proofs of concepts. Each new prototype yields new stakeholder insights and team feedback. The team incorporates new information by repeating one or more project activities in the next cycle. Teams may use ________ on a given iteration for a few weeks, gather insights, and then rework the activity based on those insights. Fill in the blanks:

The _______________ consists of the longest sequence of activities from project start to finish that must be completed to ensure the project is finished by a certain time. Fill in the blanks.

Match the name of the following commonly used AGILE approaches (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) with their key characteristics/definitions (A, B ,C, D, E)

Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options below to match them accordingly.

1. Scrum

2.  XP

3.  DSDM

4.  Kanban

5.  Disciplined Agile


A. It is known for its emphasis on constraint-driven delivery. It fixes cost, quality, and time at the outset and uses the MoSCoW prioritization of scope into musts, shoulds, coulds and won't haves to adjust the project deliverable to meet the stated time constraint.

B. It is a process decision framework that integrates several agile best practices into a comprehensive model. It was designed to offer a balance between popular agile methods deemed to be either too narrow in focus or too prescriptive in detail.

C. It is an iterative and incremental agile software development framework for managing software projects and product or application development. Its focus is on "a flexible, holistic product development strategy where a development team works as a unit to reach a common goal" as opposed to a "traditional, sequential approach"

D. It is a software development method based on frequent cycles to increase responsiveness towards customer’s changing requirements. It advocates frequent "releases" in short development cycles, which is intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints where new customer requirements can be adopted. ‘Programming in pairs’ is a key characteristic of this methodology.

E. It has been derived from the lean philosophy of JIT. Unlike most agile approaches, this does not prescribe the use of timeboxed iterations. It allows the continuous flow of work pulled from the changing customer needs thus focusing on continuous delivery.


You are a project manager for a dam construction project across the river Medway. The project comes with a lot of uncertainties. The seasonal flow data for the river is not available with the River Works Department. Also, the soil condition testing was done by a reputed firm and as per the report, the dam will require very deep piling work which would be exorbitantly costly. The area also falls under the Forest Conservation Department and you need to procure a lot of approvals from concerned authorities to get you going. Which project management methodology is most suitable here?

You are a developer in an agile-managed project. Your product owner is a person who likes to carefully plan things out well in advance. He likes things to be well-organized and pay a great deal of attention to detail. He takes a logical approach to achieve goals and completing project tasks and is able to work at a steady pace toward accomplishing these tasks. He also places a great deal of emphasis on the traditions and laws of the company and makes sure that everyone abides by them. Which MBTI personality indicator does your product owner most likely fall into?

You are the agile practitioner for an iterative agile-based project. As the first step after the collection of user stories, you have developed a prioritized matrix that describes the product features that will be delivered in each release over time. Which project artifact is being referred to here?

Andrea is a project manager for an Agile-led project. As a part of the Direct & Manage Project Work process, he is conducting iteration planning meetings every week. Over the meetings, he has observed that the meeting is dominated by the most senior developer who likes to push his decision with the team without leaving the scope for a healthy exchange of ideas. This is causing a bit of unrest and dissatisfaction within the team. Andrea wants to ensure that in the next iteration meeting, all voices are heard. Arrange the choices below Andrea can take in the order of ‘best-preferred option’ to ‘least preferred option).  Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options below in the same order as asked (best preferred to least preferred).

A.  Discuss the issue with the senior developer and in the next meeting allocate equal time for each member to pitch their ideas/concerns

B.  Inform the senior developer’s functional manager about this unacceptable behavior and process disciplinary action against him

C.  Before the start of the meeting, align the team on meeting ground rules as defined in the team charter and make the same visual in the meeting room for the next meetings

D.  Invite the sponsor in the next iteration meeting so that the senior developer gets intimidated by the sponsor’s presence and decides to be more thoughtful

The following diagram BEST represents the ________ Life Cycle.

An information system consisting of the tools and techniques used to gather, integrate, and disseminate the outputs of project management processes. It is used to support all aspects of the project from initiating through closing and can include both manual and automated systems. Which system is being talked about here?

________ project management is an iterative approach to deliver a project throughout its life cycle in bite-sized iterations to provide maximum value to the customer. Fill in the blanks.

A project is in the scope development phase. You are the project manager and you are developing the scope management plan. What will be your input in this process which talks about the series of phases that your project is designed to pass through (Starting the project, Organizing & Preparing, carrying out the work and ending the project) decide on whether you need to take predictive or adaptive approach?

In projects with evolving requirements, high risk, or significant uncertainty, the scope is not understood at the beginning of the project or it evolves during the project. Agile methods deliberately try to spend less time defining and agreeing on the scope in the early stages of the project and spend more time establishing the process for its ongoing discovery and refinement. How do agile teams validate scope and refine requirements?

In the project lifecycle, ‘Delivery Cadence’ refers to the timing and frequency of project deliverables. Projects can have a single delivery, multiple deliveries, or periodic deliveries based on tailoring considerations. Match the following project scenarios (A, B, C, D) with their ideal Delivery Cadence. In your PMP Exam you will be expected to drag & drop each of the project scenarios to match their ideal delivery cadence:

You are the Product Owner for multiple scrum-driven projects in your organization. You do your best in terms of distributing time across each project and do weekly meetings with each of the CSMs. However, you are not available for day-to-day product development decision-making. Who could you plan to be your best representative during your absence?

Rio is a project manager for developing an online recruitment portal for Alexos Inc. The base version of the product is already launched and he is currently developing the scope for a recent upgrade proposal for the portal by one of the key stakeholders. He is in the collect requirement phase of the project and he is using the tool below to visually depict a product scope by showing interactions between business and other systems. What is it called?

This document is a formal brief that describes your project in its entirety — including what the objectives are, how it will be carried out, and who the stakeholders are, high-level risks etc. What is this document called?

You are having a project status review meeting with your sponsor at the final stages of an iteration-based agile project. Your sponsor is not very happy with the way the project has been executed. His primary concern is with schedule, which initially you committed to being 40 weeks but the whole project is now trending at 48 weeks. Still, there are about 3-4 weeks story points left. As an agile practitioner, you should have tracked the team's performance over time. How should you have achieved this task?

You are a project manager for an agile-led project which involves the rollout of a new cloud-based employee appraisal system for Callum Inc. During the daily stand-up today, you are required to prioritize between the following critical issues highlighted by your team members. Please select your order of priority for the following from most critical to least critical:

Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options (1,2,3,4) in order of priority (most critical to least critical)

(1) The office server that would be routing the appraisal system access to the cloud has a limit of 500 simultaneous connections which is far less than your estimate

(2) Your team lacks a developer who has experience integrating local networks to cloud-based servers

(3) The hard drive which currently holds employee data is non-compatible with the cloud architecture for legacy data transfer and will need a patch upgrade

(4) Your team has not submitted the minutes-of-meeting from the last sprint retrospective


A project is in its execution and the Research & Development Team communicates to the Project Manager that the requirements and features for the product have changed following a market survey report published by the Consumer Behaviour Research Team. These changes were not anticipated and may affect the sales, and the overall project scope significantly. What action should the Project Manager take?

The 'lessons learned register' for a project capture all the learnings from experiences of a project team to benefit other project teams and the organization as a whole for future projects. When should a lesson learned register be ideally updated by a project team?

Doniea has been assigned as a project manager for leading an agile-driven project in an organization that has been following the traditional waterfall model for over 30 years. The executives of the company are reluctant to embrace the new methodology and Doniea is struggling to have executive buy-in for her project to run smoothly. What actions she can take to overcome this issue (select THREE OPTIONS that apply)

You are in the initiation phase of a project and you are developing an artifact that will be a primary input to your scope management plan. This artifact consists of the high-level project description, assumptions, constraints, and high-level requirements that the project is intended to satisfy. Which project artifact is being referred to here:

Eight months into an agile project closely linked to the expansion strategy of a company, the Board of Directors is closely monitoring its progress. The CIO however, expresses frustration that the last weekly burn-up chart records show the projected completion date significantly moving back & forth several times.

How can the project manager estimate the completion date with more accuracy & certainty?

What is the most important reason to have a collaborative project team environment before and during project implementation?

You are leading a project as a project manager and one of your stakeholders sends you a request to change some items in the specification mid-way in the project. What step should you take now?

You are the project manager for rolling out a new cloud-based Learning Management System (LMS) at East Coast University. The project also involves progressive phaseout of the old LMS systems (local) and phase-in of the new one (cloud-based). The client expectation is a seamless transition between the two systems. In your daily stand-up meeting, you have been notified of four issues today. How will you prioritize the issues for the day as the project manager?

(1) The office lighting needs to be overhauled due to insufficient illumination across the floor affecting employee ergonomics.

(2) Few of your programmers need Java-script training which needs completion.

(3) There is a government approval for sharing Personally Identifiable Information (PII) which needs to be expedited since it’s late.

(4) There is a critical fault identified when the campus servers are trying to ping the cloud servers.

Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options (1,2,3,4) in order of priority (most critical to least critical)


In a civil construction project, the bar bending work is outsourced to a sub-contractor. You as a project manager often face issues with this sub-contractor for late deliveries. When you confront this contractor, he mentions that there is a lot of challenges w.r.t. long-term resources in his organization and hence this is the best he could offer as of now in terms of service level. He is ok to take a hit on his contract terms as a penalty for late deliveries. You align to this since it's too late now to find a qualified new contractor. This negotiation is an example of:

In a DSDM project where time has been fixed, it is vital to understand the relative importance of the work to be done in order to make progress and keep to deadlines. Which prioritization technique categorizes stories/backlogs into must-have, should-have, could-have and won’t haves?

Laura is a project manager for a financial services project, and she is currently leading a $2Mn project of launching a new credit card for the client (NatWest Bank Plc.). She is in the schedule management process and currently defining the activities required to develop the schedule of the project. The project has a big scope that spans across 6 different countries. What is the technique used at this stage for dividing and subdividing the project scope and project deliverables into smaller, more manageable parts?

The Kanban method is a holistic framework for incremental, evolutionary processes and systems change for the organization. The method uses a ‘pull system’ to move the work through the process. Which of the following THREE CHOICES are the defining principles of the Kanban process?

You are leading a project and few of your team members are having conflicts with each other. How should you resolve the conflict between them?

Sara is a project manager for delivering a project which aims to develop a mathematical model to predict the probability of rainfall in a region. The model will take inputs from ambient parameters such as wind velocity, humidity, % cloud cover, etc. to assign the probability of rainfall. The client, who is the meteorological department of Kent, expects a 95% accuracy with the prediction model. They are not in a hurry to get the project delivered but want that Sara & her team focuses on the learning algorithm of the model to match the 95% prediction accuracy. Which project management methodology is best prescribed for this scenario?

What should be your best approach as a CSM while leading an Agile-driven project in an organization where Agile terms and language do not fit the organizational culture? (Eq. Bureaucratic or Government organizations)

You are the product owner for an agile-based project which plans to develop the student database for King's College, London. You are in the middle of an iteration and in one of your daily standups, you get to know that a key approval from UK Government about Data Protection was missed and currently your project is non-compliant with UK's Data Protection Act. What is your best step as a product owner here?

A project manager is managing a project of installing a new shampoo-making line for an FMCG company. The installation is complete, and the line has just started production. But, after a few days of production, it was identified that an important validation that was to be done to enable product dispatch was skipped. This resulted in a big hue & cry in the QA department and all the production which was done till date was put under-hold. The sponsor directs the PM to include this validation in the delivery plan immediately and revise the project schedule accordingly. What should the PM do first?

You are the project manager for a Hybrid project and to acquire resources for the project you consult the resource management plan. The plan calls for the Scrum Master to be a part of the team during the Agile part of the project (prototyping). However, the only qualified scrum master of the company is already assigned to multiple projects with 100% of his capacity already utilized. The functional manager is not ready to release the Scrum Master for your project and is not willing to do so for the next 3 months. Arrange the choices below in order of ‘best-preferred option’ to ‘least preferred option).  Note: In your PMP Exam, you will be required to drag & drop boxes containing the options below in the same order as asked (best preferred to least preferred).

A. You should go back and re-check the company resource calendar to identify alternative solutions or workaround and come up with a proposal

B. You should start training one of your team members to qualify as a CSM before kicking off the project

C. You should go back to your sponsor and ask for required help to see if she can assign a CSM remotely

D. You take a decision that the project cannot be executed without a CSM and hence shelve the project


In iteration-based agile, the product owner often works with the team to prepare some stories for the upcoming iteration during one or more sessions in the middle of the iteration. The purpose of these meetings is to analyze enough stories, so the team understands what the stories are and how large the stories are in relation to each other. What is this process called?

Timothy has recently joined as the scrum master for an agile-led project. The organization historically has been doing projects following the predictive model. Timothy is expected to bring the culture shift from predictive methodology to agile methodology within the organization. Servant leadership is one of the critical behaviors Timothy is expected to demonstrate to manage this change seamlessly. SELECT THREE situations from the list below which would result from a lack of servant leadership in an organization

For any given project, the project manager, in collaboration with the project team, is always responsible for determining which processes and methodologies are appropriate, and the appropriate degree of rigor for each process to be applied in the project to create the maximum value for the customer. This is called ___________. Fill in the blanks.

You are a PM for an NGO project for improving sanitation hygiene in a rural locality. The project is in the planning stage now and you are developing the project management plan. You have completed your PMP certification recently and you know that the project management plan defines how the project is executed, monitored and controlled, and closed. Your plan is waiting for baseline updates from cost and schedule before you send it out for an approval from your sponsor. At this stage, you receive an input from your civil engineer that the planned layout of the sanitation area will need to change since there has been an interference of that area with a future proposed highway construction. You are a bit concerned now. This will change the scope, and the time significantly. What is your next best step as a project manager now?

You are the sponsor of a telecom project. On a fine morning, you called in your project manager to review the project status. Your project is in the initiation phase now and your project manager is currently developing the project charter. You want to review the plan which consists of a documented explanation for creating, maximizing & sustaining the advantages for your project. Which project artifact should you tell your project manager to open?

In an agile project environment, this person is responsible for guiding the direction of the product. They rank the work based on business value. They work with their team daily to provide product feedback and setting direction on the next piece of functionality to be delivered/developed. They work with stakeholders, customers, and teams to define the product direction. Which agile team role is being talked about here?

For a landscaping project, Rob is using an estimating technique to find out the cost of paving a pathway. He is checking previous data from his company repository (OPAs) to find out any reference cost for similar nature of work done in the past. What type of estimating technique Rob is using here?

You are the Agile Coach for a team that is developing a software to manage a fleet of trucks for DHL via an app-based interface. Capability building of your team is your top priority. What are some of the techniques you can use to appraise the skills of a team member? (select all that apply)

Which name refers to the method used to shorten the schedule duration for the least incremental cost by adding resources?

A new regulation has mandated both the date of packaging and the date of expiry on a label. However, the company’s current packaging design is too small to fit the information. The regulatory agencies do not provide a solution, so the agile team proposes a solution to display the information on a secondary flap within the product packaging. The start of full-scale production of the product package is a critical milestone and is due to start in 2 weeks. What should the agile team do next?

A construction project is nearing completion and as a PM you are in process of completing all the critical path activities with utmost vigilance. Suddenly, two resources from your team were called back by their functional manager to support another project. This is unacceptable to you and you set up a meeting with the functional manager. However, you get to know that those resources will necessarily be required now to support another project since that comes with legal risk. You go back to your team and after a long discussion, the team proposes to cut some scope in your project for now. This scope can be completed even after project delivery. You agree to this and now chose to communicate the same to the customer. What should be your next best step now to manage the situation?

Anitha is studying the release burndown chart for her Scrum team before the morning sprint review meeting. She notices that at a point, the graph moves below X-axis. Chose the best conclusion:

Agile project management methodology emphasizes early value creation. However, this accelerated delivery might not suit some organizations due to insufficient organizational structure and the inability to accommodate rapid delivery. If an organization is averse to early value creation, which of the following risks becomes more likely to occur?

A drug company is developing an inhaler for asthma patients. The product is very critical for patient safety and needs multiple testing phases, conformance checks, and legal approvals. The project calls for an early product delivery and feedback to design in line with all necessary conformance reviews, documentation, and certification. What project management methodology is most suitable here?

A project manager is preparing a project schedule to automate a pick-and-place operation in an assembly line with COBOTs. The sponsor has told the PM that the schedule should be aligned with the operations dept. manager who is responsible for the production of that line. The PM approaches the Ops manager for approval, but the Ops manager asks that how the PM has estimated that the site installation of the COBOT would be completed in 3 weeks. He feels that it is too high, and he cannot provide a 3-week downtime on the line for installing the COBOT since he has to meet the demand from the planning department. The PM replies that he has used a statistical relationship between historical data (past automation installations in the plant) and other variables (# of people of supplier called for the installation of the COBOT) to calculate an estimate for the duration. Which estimating technique the PM has used here?

In a hybrid product design & manufacturing project, the waterfall team (production) enters a quality-check vision system malfunction resulting in high-value losses due to a scrap of products within specifications. When the production team tells the design (agile) team about the problem, it becomes clear that mistranslated product specification sheets created problems for both teams. However, the agile team identified and resolved the problem at their end weeks ago before the malfunction happened on the production floor. What could the agile team have done differently to prevent this loss?

One of the important features of Agile approaches is the maintenance & management of product backlog. Scrum Masters may be asked to help the Product Owner to prioritize the list using the following techniques (select all FOUR that apply)

Agile teams are mostly cross-functional. Some people in the team have specializations in one domain but rarely contribute beyond that domain. By contrast, another set of people supplement their expertise in one area with supporting but less developed skills in associated areas and good collaboration skills. As per the Agile Practice Guide, what are the two types of team members called (in order as mentioned in the question)?

A project manager has recently completed a SAP deployment project for an MNC client. Next, the project manager confirms with the release manager that the SAP integration has been completed with all the departments of the organization in scope viz. Manufacturing, Engineering, Purchases, and Material Planning & Development. The QA team of the client has also verified the completed deliverables after completion of the last & final sprint. What is the next step for the project manager?

A software development team can begin to write the scope of development only after 2 months of the start of design. This is to ensure that the team has sufficient data points from the design for writing the scope What kind of dependency this would represent?

Which of the following diagrams represents the TRIPLE CONSTRAINT framework in Project Management?

Roy is the project manager for an aviation turbine development project. She is currently in the 'plan scope management' process group and she is having a team meeting with her core team to determine the management approach for this project. Her team needs to finalize whether she will follow waterfall, iterative, adaptive, agile, or a hybrid development approach. What is she trying to strategize here and coach the team on?

Sam is the product owner for an Agile-led project which plans to roll-out a new tourist information application for the City of London. He is reviewing the quality control chart with the project team and scrum master. The response times have been going down over the iterations but are still above the upper control limit. What does this mean?

You are a project manager involved in the very early stages of a project to help the team define the correct execution strategy. The project aims to build a multistory residential apartment on a plot as per the approved design by the municipality. The goal of the project is to deliver it on timekeeping costs within budget. Also, the expectation from the client is not to deviate at all from the approved design. Which project management methodology is best prescribed for this scenario?

Which one of the following elements may be found in a project governance framework?

___________________ in project management includes influencing, motivating, listening, enabling and other activities having to do with the project team. Fill in the blanks.

RayVac Motors. Inc is planning to develop their first ever electric car. The project needs to be agile-driven since a lot of scope, execution strategy, timelines are undefined. You have been assigned as the project manager for this project. RayVac Motors. Organizational design is set up quite traditionally with teams in functional silos within functional organizations. (Eg. Design Department, Procurement Department, Fabrication Department, Quality Assurance etc.). What should you consider to setup your project team for success?

You are a sponsor for an agile-managed project. You observe your product owner to be a quiet, perceptive and a keen observer. He is good at remembering details about other people. You have seen him best in a highly structured and consistent environment where he is given step-by-step instructions and clear expectations. Which MBTI personality indicator does your product owner most likely fall into?

Factors external to the organization can enhance, constrain, or have a neutral influence on project outcomes.  Which of the following is NOT an example of External Environmental Factors for a project?

Which is the official syllabus of the PMP Exam?

Joe is a project manager for a \$10Mn automation project for a credit card company. He is PMP certified and very meticulous and detailed in every step of the process as outlined in PMBOK. He is in the scope development process and he called for a meeting one day morning to discuss the completion status of the scope development phase. His team member told him that they have completed the scope statement, WBS creation, and WBS dictionary. "OK, so since we have completed those three, I assume we have our ___________ in place now?"..... was Joe's question. Fill in the blanks

Daniel has been assigned as a project manager in the middle of a project. He is currently in the process of taking handover from the previous project manager. He gets to know that the client is not happy with the performance of the project even if it is performing within the baselines. What should Daniel do as the immediate next step?

Which is the 'leadership mindset' with which you should always approach a scenario based question in your PMP Exam, unless stated otherwise?

Who is the person assigned the role of leading the project team that is responsible for achieving the project objectives and deliverables?

________ act responsibly to carry out activities with integrity, care, and trustworthiness while maintaining compliance with internal and external guidelines. Fill in the blanks.

You are the project manager for a governance project which requires a lot of liaising with local council authorities. They are your key stakeholders. One stakeholder from the Customs & Duty department one day comes up to you and asks for more frequent and detailed updates on the project. He is also keen on helping you with the project in whatever way possible. This guy is a young & energetic person and you understand his enthusiasm and proactiveness. But you want to know a bit more about the background of this stakeholder. Which project artifact should you refer to before going into further discussion with this stakeholder?

You are the Scrum Master for an agile-managed project. During a sprint review meeting, the product development team notifies you that this sprint delivery will be delayed since the product design team has not provided the required inputs till date. You know that there has always been an issue with the design team to delay communications and timely inputs. What is your best step as a servant leader here?

An executive from the Product Design department occasionally visits your agile team’s work area to give new inputs on design. He is a critical stakeholder of the project but during sprint review, you as the Scrum Master find out that your team drops everything & starts working on new inputs as soon as it comes from this stakeholder. How should you address this situation?

You are in the direct & manage project work phase of a civil construction project and one evening you are having a team review w.r.t. the status of the project schedule. You want to help your team to understand what the risks in the schedule are and help them plan mitigation (crashing, fast-tracking accordingly). However, when you started the meeting, the team member who was about to present mentioned that the MS Project license for his system has expired and he cannot open the project schedule. Which project tool/technique should you refer to understand how project management software tools are licensed in your company and how to help your team member by directing him to the right person?

You are the facilitator for an iteration-based agile project and one of your team members come to you asking for help regarding one deliverable that was assigned to her in the last standup meeting. The help required from her side is primarily to provide a training of SAP-PS module to her team. Where should you discuss this issue with the rest of your team?

A construction project is ready for closure but a vendor claims that they have not received the payment for a particular delivery yet. You check the invoice and find out that it was approved and sent for payment to the finance dept. You check with the finance dept. and they tell you that the vendor had made some mistake in calculating the tax in the invoice. You want to close the project quickly because your sponsor is pushing you to take up another project soon. What should you do?

Riya is a project manager for organizing the Annual General Meeting for a big Indian Company. The turnout is expected to be 1000+. Hence the planning should be meticulous. The client has made it very clear that the agenda and the preparation of the event should resonate with the expectations of the primary stakeholders. Riya is in the collect requirements phase now. She needs to get the voice of the key stakeholders to understand their expectations and requirements out of the event. She is using a format which are short textual descriptions from the stakeholders expressing their expectations from the event in the format: "As a [user], I [want to], [so that]." Which AGILE tool & technique Riya is using?

You are the project manager of a $50Mn automation project for an FMCG manufacturer and currently developing the project charter. You need to identify the stakeholders and align them now to the project objectives. One of your stakeholders asks you to show him the economic feasibility report of the project which will establish the validity of the benefits incurred from the automation. Which document should you refer to for the same?

You are a project manager for a flow-based agile project which deals with the development of an Android+ i-OS app to order medicines at home for elderly individuals. Which of the following statements is true for a flow-based agile project?

Which one of the following distinguishes a PROJECT from a PROGRAM?

While estimating project cost, schedule or resources, it's important that you use estimation techniques to arrive at the required values. Each statistical estimate has a 'central tendency' attached to it. Which of the following is NOT a measure of central tendency of an estimate?

The sprint retrospective is a recurring meeting held at the end of a sprint used to discuss what went well during the previous sprint cycle and what can be improved for the next sprint. The Agile sprint retrospective is an essential part of the Scrum framework for developing, delivering, and managing complex projects. What are some of the other objectives of running a retrospective meeting? (select all THREE that apply)

Which name is given to the temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result and has a definite beginning and end?

While estimating project cost, schedule or resources, it's important that you use estimation techniques to arrive at the required values. Each statistical estimate has a 'dispersion' associated with it. Which of the following is NOT a measure of 'dispersion' of an estimate?

The Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator is a self-report inventory designed to identify a person's personality type, strengths, and preferences. The questionnaire was developed by Isabel Myers and her mother Katherine Briggs based on their work with Carl Jung's theory of personality types during World War II. What does the S-N scale of the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator signify?

In this agile methodology, the work is organized into small sprints and leverages the use of Kanban boards to visualize and monitor the work. The stories are placed on the Kanban board and the team manages its work by using work-in-progress limits. Which approach is being talked about here?

You are about to close an iteration cycle for an agile-managed project to develop a food ordering app. Suddenly, one of your developers mention that a feature that would have enabled users to view the cooking time of the ordered food in HH:MM format was missed from this iteration. On investigation, it was found that the design team did not provide the necessary input to the development team to enable the feature. What should you do as a project manager to prevent this type of situation in the future?

In an agile project environment, this person plays the role of a facilitator. They are responsible for capability building, coaching, and breaking barriers for the team in cases of bottlenecking. They have the advantage of experience but the disadvantage of weak relationships in the client organization. So, often they need to work very closely with the product owners. Which agile team role is being talked about here ?

__________ life cycle management is a comprehensive framework that software product companies like Microsoft, Apple, Google and Intel use to manage a software product through the phases of its development life cycle.

You are leading a sprint review meeting for an agile project. The morale of your team members is low because the project team has suffered quite a few attritions over the last week. During the meeting, one of your team members addresses the Product Owner in a disrespectful manner. Which of the following actions should you take as the Scrum Master? (Choose TWO)

The ____________ is the 'center of excellence' of project management knowledge and provides the 'best-in-class standards' and methodologies for driving projects in an organization. Fill in the blanks.

You as a project manager have identified a risk that one of your steel reinforcement supply vendors may increase the price of the same midway through the project. However, the increase would not be very high and you can control the same by keeping some contingency reserve in your cost estimate. You will only need to trigger the reserves if the situation happens. What risk response strategy you are using here?

You are managing a Special Economic Zone construction project which is currently in the Initiation phase. You are liaising with the Govt. agencies to identify the cost buckets related to third-party taxation expenses. This will go as an input to your project management plan during the planning phase. What would you call this external factor that is influencing your project cost and eventually your project management plan?

An uncertain condition or event that if it occurs can hurt one or more project objectives is called?

You have recently joined as a PM for the launch of an aviation turbine. The timeline of this launch is extremely critical since the date has been communicated to the media and the shareholders. The project is in the execution stage now and the test runs on the newly designed turbine is about to start. Now the design team has come up with a design change request to decrease the RPM of the turbine. You take this change request to the fabrication team and they mention to you that this request already came in 6 months back (this was before you joined this role) and was rejected. You go back to the design team again & they mention that it's not the case and this request is 'first-time'. You are now confused about who is telling the truth. Which is the best project artifact to find whether this request was actually proposed & evaluated 6 months back?

Which one of the following is an intrinsic factor that motivates the project team?

You are a PM for a Telecommunication company and you have recently completed an application development for a client. But the client is still calling you/your team members to solve technical issues, troubleshooting and requests are still coming for small changes/upgrades. What should you do to ensure that this application project now has ongoing operational support to handle day-to-day maintenance?

The project _________________ phase determines if the business case is valid and if the organization has the capability to deliver the intended outcome. Fill in the blanks.

Clairemont Inc. is moving from a traditional project management methodology to agile-based project management. As a part of the training of the project managers within the company, Clairemont Inc. has assigned mentors who have established Scrum Masters to new project managers. During the shadowing process, the new project managers observe the scrum masters not as a 'boss', but as 'facilitators'. Their mission is to empower the teams, break barriers for them and develop their capability to build self-sufficient teams with a shared vision. Which leadership methodology have the Scrum Masters adopted here?

You as the Scrum Master for an Agile-led project are facing difficulty to make your team members update the lessons learned register. Your team members are definitely busy at this stage of the project. They mention not having enough time as the key reason for not being able to update the lessons learned register. How should you respond?

You are leading a scrum project as the CSM within your organization but most of your team members are new and inexperienced. Moreover, quite a few of them have been reassigned from other departments as a part of the company’s job rotation policy. Hence, they have little technical domain knowledge. You as the CSM need to set up this team for success. What is the most effective strategy you can take here?

You are a project manager for a project that has team with members from different functions. Two of your team members keep on having conflict between themselves and this is affecting your project delivery. You decide to call both of them in a meeting and discuss openly about the issues and align on what needs to be true for both of them to work seamlessly. You facilitate the discussion as a PM. What type of conflict resolution technique you are using here?

In the Earned Value Analysis Chart below, which measure among A, B, C or D signifies Cost Variance (CV)? For hotspot type questions in your PMP Exam, you would be expected to click on any one option from A, B, C, or D on the diagram below:

Joe has joined an organization as a project manager. This organization is divided into departments and each department has a functional manager. As a project manager, Joe has to reach out to each functional manager to help allocate resources for a particular project. As a PM, he has very limited authority to choose the resources for a project. Even the members of the project team do not have any accountability or report to Joe directly. Which type of organization Joe is in?

Which name refers to the kind of project coordination whereby project team members self-manage and are not controlled from above?

You are the project manager for the launch of an aviation turbine. The timeline of this launch is extremely critical since the date has been communicated to the media and the shareholders. You have analyzed the work that needs to be done and has come up with a list of activities. You consulted with your sponsor as well to identify any important milestone that you need to meet. What is your next best course of action as a PM?

Which of the following attributes are NOT a key attribute for a successful Agile Team:

This type of leadership puts the team before the leader and focuses on the development and the empowerment of teams to drive projects. The goal of this leadership is to build 'self-sufficient' teams and organizations. Which leadership type is being talked about here?

You are working in a project team where transparency is a major issue. Team members always tend to hide errors for the risk of receiving strong feedback and doing major rework. They also tend to hide their progress because they feel that if they finish a deliverable before time, they would be pushed to complete more deliverables out of their scope. What steps should you take as an effective project manager here? (Select THREE)

Match A, B, C to 1, 2, 3 based on the definitions:

1 - Project, 2 - Program, 3 - Portfolio


A - A group of projects or programs related to the company's vision and mission

B - A temporary endeavor creating tangible value for customers in the end

C - A group of related projects including other non-project/admin works

Ray is working as a project manager in an FMCG company. He has recently joined this company and has really made his mark by connecting & collaborating with people in his department. He is currently handling a big project related to a dry laundry tower refurbishment work. The tower is about 75 years old and needs refurbishments in places. Ray is well known for involving team members before arriving at decisions. Currently, he is in the collect requirements phase of the project and he wants to brainstorm and generate ideas regarding the possible options of the refurbishment work (repair, replace, restore). He calls in all of his team members in a room and encourages Each person silently generates and writes down their ideas. Then he writes down the ideas on a flip chart until all ideas are recorded. After that, he makes sure that each recorded idea is discussed until all group members have a clear understanding. Finally, all the team members vote privately to prioritize the ideas, usually using a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the highest. Which technique is Ray using here to collect requirements?

___________ is a project management methodology that integrates schedule, costs, and scope to measure project performance. Based on planned and actual values, _____________ predicts the future and enables project managers to adjust accordingly. Fill in the blanks (same phrase for both the blanks)

Mike is in the schedule management planning phase of his project where he wants to open his own bakery shop. He is very keen on doing the inauguration on 25-December-2021, on the day of Christmas. For that, the schedule must be planned very thoroughly. He has a small team with him helping him on the project and Kyle from that team owns the schedule of the project. One morning, Mike asks Kyle, "Hey, can you show me which document we have created for our project where we have established the criteria and the activities for developing, monitoring, and controlling the schedule. I need to know how we have planned that". Which document should Kyle show Mike?

The sprint retrospective is a recurring meeting held at the end of a sprint used to discuss what went well during the previous sprint cycle and what can be improved for the next sprint. The Agile sprint retrospective is an essential part of the Scrum framework for developing, delivering, and managing complex projects. Arrange the stages of retrospective below in their correct order: In your PMP exam, you would be expected to drag & drop the choices in the correct the order:

A. Generate insights

B. Closeout

C. Gather and share data

D. Set the stage

E. Make decisions

The __________ is a collection of generally sequential project phases whose name and number are determined by the control needs of the organization or organizations involved in the project and is tailored to best fit the need of the project to create maximum value for the customer. Fill in the blanks.

Zen Pharma Inc. is planning to acquire Rochester Pharmaceuticals. The acquisition is taking place in a highly regulated industry. The project sponsor and the board chairman have asked for a packaging change that prima face seems to violate the legal requirements. What should be the first step the project manager should take here?

Ramsay is a member of the delivery team for an app-based cab/taxi management company called Zoom. They are a major competitor for Uber, and they use Agile practices to drive their projects. Zoom is planning to integrate food ordering from takeaways as a feature within their taxi-based app. The feature would first get launched with Android and then expand to i-OS. However, the team needs to validate the required features of the app in the marketplace before moving into the development of the same. Which project life cycle is suitable for this team?

What should be the primary motivator for an aspirant willing to take up the PMP Exam Certification Exam?

You are the project manager for the construction of a new office building. The project is nearing the handover to the client. The final piece, which is landscaping in & around the new building is about to start. You are reviewing the project schedule and the interdependencies between the activities. You see that the landscaping could be scheduled to start 2 weeks prior to the scheduled punch list completion for the handover of the office building. This would be shown as a finish-to-start with a 2-week______?

Fill in the blanks

Kemil is a project manager for a civil construction project that aims at building a hostel block for Clarke's University Trust. The Trust does not have any on-campus hostels as of now and for this reason, students are forced to stay outside the campus at a much higher cost and less convenience. The aim of the Trust is to construct the first hostel building as fast as possible and start providing accommodation. Also, the trust wants the construction of the first building to get done ASAP. After that, the construction of the other building can happen at a reasonably planned rate. Which project management methodology is best prescribed for this scenario?

This is the process of continually refining estimates and scope definition of a project during the Planning, Execution, and Monitoring & Controlling phases of a project as more information becomes available. Which process is being talked about here?

Georgina as a product owner experiences that a trend of stories is incomplete, and this becomes apparent at the end of an iteration. Upon investigation, Georgina finds out that several team members worked on these stories and no blockers were reported or identified. How could Georgina resolve this?

Lisa is managing an Agile-based project as the Scrum Master. She is handling a very large project team that is cross-functional and sits across different locations within a single campus. What tailoring recommendations she can adopt for an effective delivery (select all that apply)

Bradley is the product owner of developing an ERP solution for SynSys. Inc – A technology giant based out of Silicon Valley. The project is currently in the design & development stage. A lot of customer requirements are pouring in and the user-story priorities are changing every week. However, once the features & requirements get finalized & locked, it will be a defined and repeatable rollout process across SynSys offices in California, London, and New Delhi. What is the best project management methodology to apply here?